The Pug dog is a breed that can be traced back over 2000 years. This dog is currently one of the most popular dog breeds. They have the look of a squashed face and look as if they are always smiling.
Just looking at these dogs make you want to pinch their cheeks like the old crazy aunt you have.
Pugs were once owned by Chinese emperors and they were treated like kings. This is the country the pug originated from.
This breed does not require extensive exercise and they are a low maintenance dog. The pug is a sensitive breed so they will easily get their feelings hurt.
The pug originated from ancient china where they were treated like royalty and lived-in palaces. They were then taken to England and sold by the Dutch.
Actually, the Pug has been cross-bred with many other purebred breeds and the mixtures have not been successful. The pug/husky is one of the breeds that are difficult to handle.
The breed can be tracked back to the time of Confucius and the Ming dynasty. There are three theories on the roots of the pug. The first theory is they are a breed of the Pekinese. The Second is they are a breed of a small bulldog.
The final theory is they are a breed of the French Mastiff. Only the Tibetan monks and the Imperial royalty were allowed to own them.
The emperor Ling to would order a death sentence to any person that attempted to steal a pug.
Lastly, Napoleon Bonaparte’s wife refused to sleep in bed unless her pug was allowed to sleep with them. While she was in prison her pug was how she sent messages to her husband.
Pugs are not real energetic, so their food consumption is particularly important to monitor. This means free feeding is not a good option or your dog will be overweight.
Up till 3 months of age they should be fed 4 times a day, but only puppy-based food. ¼ to ½ cup of food is recommended. Three to eight months of age ¼ to 1/3 cup three times a day.
Eight to twelve months of age 1/3 – ½ cup twice a day. One year and older gets ½ cup a day 1-2 times a day depending on your specific dog.
The breed is more prone to breathing issues due to the facial structure so watching weight and adjusting can be beneficial to overall health.
Watch the treat intake as well, since they are a smaller breed this can cause weight gain as well. Keep treats to 10% of the daily calorie count.
Exercise is something that every dog need but is tailored to health and breed of your dog. Pugs need 15-20 minutes of activity at least twice a day.
Keeping your pug active on their level will also deter behavior issues, especially in the puppy stages. Provide toys to stimulate them.
Also, plan a time each day to play with your pet as this will promote bonding and activity. Pugs have the potential to be couch potatoes.
Brachycephalic breeds are a dog that has a short nose structure and breathing can pose a condition. These include Pugs, English Bulldogs and Shar-Pei to name a few.
This can create breathing and cooling down an issue. Exercise needs to be monitored due to this breed and their nose structure. Dogs need to be able to cool their body temperature.
Monitor the weather as well to make sure the temperature conditions are right for your dog. The hot and humid weather will affect the breathing. Inside exercise should be utilized on these days.
Raining and windy days will also affect the eyes as the facial structure affects this as well. The face is not longer but shortened so the eyes protrude more.
Lastly, a pug needs a harness, not a collar. Having the right collar and leash will allow the breathing to be unobstructed and not complicate exercise.
These dogs are pleasers so, basic commands are easy to teach especially by the owner they are bonded with. Starting this young is important.
Patience and kindness are needed while training as they get their feelings hurt very easily. They are extremely tenderhearted breed.
Positive reinforcements are always the best method of teaching and instilling behavior and commands. Treats are not the only way to accomplish this.
Old fashioned praise is also a way to give that reinforcement of a job well done. Communication with your pet is necessary and effective.
Read your pugs body language as this is a vital way to see if he/see is responding to you. Dogs are smart and understand more than we think they do.
When all else fails, look into obedience school. Some dogs just have a more difficult and stubborn personality. No shame in this as this will also guide you in handling your dog by professionals.
Plus, this will promote bonding between owner and the pet. This will also encourage positive behavior.
The Pug breed are heavy shedders, so fur maintenance is important. Upkeep is needed as their skin folds can create health measures.
Bathing your pug at least once a month is needed. Bathing is not the difficult part; it is the maintenance on the skin folds afterwards.
Cleaning their folds once a week is needed and after their bath. Keeping the folds free of dirt, food, and saliva will aid in keeping his odor from becoming too much.
Skin irritation is a potential as well. This will create skin issues and uncomfortable living conditions for your dog.
Extra attention cleaning near the eyes and nose will keep him/her comfortable. Use a cotton swab with warm water for the best results. Canine antiseptic wipes are also available.
Just do not leave the folds wet or damp at all. In the same way, we will dry our inner ear and belly button when we dry off from a shower because of the dryness it will create.
Brush your pug 1-2 times a week with a shedding brush and soft bristle brush as this will cut down on shedding. This helps spread his/her natural oils throughout the skin.
Trim nails every 1-2 months as needed, sidewalks and concrete aid in reaching the 2-month mark. Use caution not to trim them too short or use a professional service.
Pugs have small ears so, weekly cleanings are needed. Teaching this from a puppy will make this less difficult. Handling is the best way to teach this activity and comfort.
In fact, being low to the ground has a bigger chance of collecting dirt. This can cause ear infections which can be costly.
As well, use caution not to get into the ear canal as this can cause damage. Dry well as skin irritations is common with wetness left behind.
Actually, clean the eyes everyday to 1 time a week. Facial structure makes their eyes protrude from the socket. Keeping the eyes clean can prevent eye infections and damage.
Using an eye solution is needed, height and facial features make this an important function of owning a pug. Watch for eye discharge and get to a vet immediately if present.
Since most breeds of dog, they are susceptible to certain genetic health issues and proper care is needed.
This is not an extensive list, but a common list of potential concerns. Watching for signs of these conditions will be beneficial care and maintenance.
The AKC classifies their temperament as loving, charming, and mischievous. They are ranked the 28th most popular breed that people want. These are considered a toy breed and their life span are about 15 years.
Pugs have a tender heart, so patience and kindness are needed especially when they are puppies. Pugs need attention and proper socialization.
These are not recommended for outside dogs, as they are best for indoor house pets. Ultimately, they show emotions such as happiness and surprise.
This is where their personality and temperament come from. The pugs are adorable, compact, and loyal.
The pug is a wonderful companion and acclimates well to a family, one owner, or other pets in a home. Their personality is developed and loved by dog lovers everywhere.
Indeed, the pug breed has quite a history and future. They are traced back to the Chinese Empire and some of the most notable dynasties!
Also, they take special care due to the face structure and skin conditions. These can cause prone health conditions to start early if not taken care of.
Further, this breed has a mellow activity level and a loving and family-oriented temperament. Socialization is important to start young as with any dog.
In the first place, food and nutrition is something that needs to be closely monitored with calorie counting and treat restrictions. Attention is important for activity, as they are prone to obesity.
Grooming, eye, and ear care is extremely important to cut down on the prevalence of irritation and infections.
These are a great family dog or companion for someone. They are loving and can easily be trained and a respectable member of the family.